Competition creates service from businesses, and competition produces benefits for everybody.
Neither are politics plus ideologies exempt from competition, with Republicans and Democrats going door to doorway for their candidates, having political rallies, or even fighting within the streets. Despite this, these two events aren’t as different as their supporters may realize. When Ukraine was occupied by Russia, they jumped on the opportunity for possible defense contracts.
Ideologies or parties that may seem completely opposite can be “ bipartisan” in many aspects. Fascism, National Socialism, plus Marxian socialism are three such ideologies: different enough to compete, but similar enough to attract exactly the same type of person, that person being of the collectivist mindset that the group is more essential than the individual.
Frederick Hayek in The Road to Serfdom states:
It is true of course that in Germany just before 1933, and in Italy prior to 1922, communist and Nazis or Fascist clashed more often with each other than with other parties. They competed for the same kind of mind and reserved for every other the hatred from the heretic. But their practice demonstrated how closely they were associated.
The individual of the collective mindset is more prone to fall into such groups, they may want the well-being of the class or the competition over the individual. To ensure the success or domination of either, the state must be used as a tool of power. This is the risk of the collective mind. Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Oswald Mosley, and Karl Marx all fell into these types of mindsets.
Hitler: The Nazi Competitor
After the end associated with World War I, the German royal family has been dethroned and the November Trend saw the creation of the People’s State of Bavaria, run by Kurt Eisner, a socialist Jew. It’s worth mentioning there is a split between the communists and socialists at this time, because the communist parties wanted to link to the Soviet Comintern, as the socialist parties wanted to become more independent.
In either case, Hitler participated in this new Bavarian state, according to the Holocaust Encyclopedia ; Hitler was elected to become a soldier’s council representative in order to civilian authorities. After Kurt Eisner was assassinated, Hitler attended the funeral. Benjamin Hett in his book Death of Democracy states:
There is film footage and a still photograph showing him [Hitler] marching in a funeral procession of the Bavarian Independent leader Kurt Eisner, wearing a dark mourning armband and another red one in support of the Socialist government.
Max Levien, who was a communist, took cost and created a Soviet republic; once again, Hitler was elected to the soviet council for battalion representatives.
A soviet is a workers’ council. The USSR was a union of workers’ councils from all the socialist republics. So , when Hitler abolished private trade unions, the DAF (Deutsche Arbeitsfront, German Labor Front), a large state-run public union, absorbed them just as the USSR did.
In my previous article “ How the Nazis Waged War on Private Residence , ” you will find that economically the Nazis were very similar to their Soviet equivalent (land and business confiscation along with price controls). Socially however , the Nazis were a bit different. the Marxian Socialists were more concerned with class-based conflicts, while the Nazis were more race based.
Hitler’s unreleased Second Guide showed his belief in a united competition:
We are a socialist. I see no class and no social property, before me but that will community of the folk made up of people who are linked by bloodstream, united by language and subject to the same general destiny.
This is how the separation of the Nazis and communists comes to fruition. Both had different immediate priorities, and Hitler considered communism a Jewish ideology; but Hitler also considered capitalism Jewish, as he considered it to be “ international Jewish finance. ” But one only must read Karl Marx’s write-up “ On the Jewish Question” to find out Marx’s beliefs on race; he declares:
The moment society succeeds in abolishing the empirical essence of Judaism— huckstering in its conditions— the Jew becomes difficult because his consciousness no longer has an object. The interpersonal emancipation of the Jew, is the emancipation of society through Judaism.
While both often fought against and even killed one another, when you are competing for the mind of the individual to gain power, those things often happen. Fascism is another competitor for both the national plus Marxian socialists.
Mussolini and Mosley: The particular Fascist Competitors
Before the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the communist and socialist parties were more or less united and had one particular clear goal: to unite the workers from the world through international trend. But after World War I started, many of these leftist parties actually supported their countries instead of maintaining a good antiwar stance, except for the Italian Socialist Party, which maintained the idea of international peace between the workers.
Benito Mussolini, who was at the moment head of the socialist newspaper Avanti , saw the appealing effect nationalism had on the masses. Mussolini became a war supporter within the party and was expelled from it the same calendar year. Mussolini, defending himself before his party, said:
I inform you you’re wasting your breath, you will be forced into the battle. You can get rid of me, due to the fact I am, and will always be, a socialist. You hate myself. You hate me because you still love me! What divides me from you is not really a small question, it is a big question which divides just about all socialism.
Mussolini, along with the help of intellectuals such as Gentile Enrico Corradini and Ugo Spirito rebranded and created a brand new political movement. It had been meant to benefit the Italian worker but was made for Italians. This new ideology had been called fascism, it was syndicalism or trade unionism which was made to benefit the Italian employee but left out the global worker. In Representation on Violence , Georges Sorel states that Fascist planning to gain control of the particular economy would work something like this:
Via strikes it intended to bring capitalism to an end, replacing it not by state socialism, but by a community of producers.
This is the same thing since Karl Marx calling for that workers to unite plus seize the means of creation, only in this case it is the nationwide (Italian) workers uniting. Oswald Mosley, a British aristocrat and founder of the Uk Union of Fascists, might try to spread fascism to England. Mosley joined the particular Independent Labor Party, that was a politically left-leaning party, in 1926 during the general strike; he paid impressive miners from his own wallet, he also visited The united states, where he spent time along with Franklin Roosevelt. Mosley furthermore believed in what he known as “ industrial democracy, ” where all workers are stakeholders (co-owners of sorts) in their companies and all revenue go to them.
The particular collective mind, while many consider it noble for its want to improve lives, has caused excellent suffering in the world. While each ideology discussed, such as national socialism, Marxian socialism, and fascism, each stem from a similar tree and market economic regimentation, they are different enough socially to compete for someone with a collectivist mindset. But these people will usually need the state and its power to wipe out the successful plus usher in a utopia.