John Mearsheimer recently gave an important lecture on the Ukrainian war.
He alerts that “ the United States is now effectively from war with Russia. ” Mearsheimer argues, “ America is principally accountable . ” Alexander Stubb contends in a reply to Mearsheimer, “ The just place to blame is the Kremlin, Putin, plus Russia. ”
Commentators who play the blame game over Ukraine do not understand the cause of war in the modern world. The Ukrainian war is the latest section in an ongoing 100 years’ war that began in 1914. Those who fail to realize this particular cannot understand the cause of the war nor how to end it and prevent future battles.
All of the government authorities entangled in the Ukrainian battle share responsibility. Government involvement in the free market economic climate is the fundamental cause of most of modern wars, including the Ukrainian war. All of the governments involved have systematically intervened using the free market economy for many years. Thus they are all to blame for this war.
Protectionism, Imperialism, and War
To completely understand the Ukrainian war, it is crucial to understand what caused the very first World War. 1 Many historians agree that a “ fresh wave of territorial imperialism” after 1880 resulted in the First World War. two But most historians cannot explain what triggered the frenzy of imperialism from 1880 to 1914. The answer is protectionism.
In July 1879, Otto von Bismarck introduced a new tariff in Philippines. 3 As economists stress, a tariff benefits domestic makers at the expense of 2 groups: 1) domestic consumers and 2) foreign suppliers. A tariff impairs company in foreign nations, and foreigners naturally resent this. 4
Bismarck’s tariff was obviously a great mistake. However , because Ludwig von Mises emphasizes, “ even if all other countries cling to protection, the nation best serves its welfare by free trade. ” 5 Rather than embracing free of charge trade, Germany’s neighbors foolishly raised their tariffs. Since the table below illustrates, “ all the large countries (except the United Kingdom) experienced very protective trade procedures in 1913. ” 6
What does protectionism have to do with imperialism? A nation are unable to profit from an empire in the world of free trade. In comparison, a protectionist nation will benefit from an empire. 7 Consequently, protectionist governments are impelled to violent territorial expansion. The return of protectionism after 1880 started a new wave of territorial imperialism that culminated in the Initial World War.
Consequences of the First World War
Protectionism was the basic cause of the First World Battle, and the war unleashed terrible forces. For Russia and Ukraine, the war resulted in the 1917 Russian Revolution. 8 The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) had been only possible because of protectionism before 1914.
There were many problems with the 1919 Versailles Treaty. Nevertheless, the essential problem was that it enshrined the imperial-protectionist order of 1914. The First Globe War’s victors created the League of Nations to prevent other nations from expanding. Yet they did not take away the root cause of territorial expansion— namely, protectionism. In fact , British, French, German, and Italian tariffs were higher in 1925 than in 1914. 9
Furthermore, the First World Battle created massive financial issues. These problems guaranteed that the particular 1920s and 1930s will be a period of intense economic instability. Unfortunately, the major powers responded to the economic chaos from the early 1930s with much more severe protectionist policies. 10 The First Globe War and the economic issues it created convinced many in Germany, Italy, and Japan that economic self-sufficiency— or autarky— was the just way to survive. To be economically self-sufficient, however , they thought they needed lebensraum (living space). 11 And waging war was the only way to obtain a lot more economic space. Economic nationalism— that is, protectionism and autarky— was the fundamental cause of the Second World War. 12
The US saved Soviet socialism throughout the war. The USSR could not even conquer Finland within the 1930– 40 Winter Battle. The Winter War exposed Soviet socialism’s inherent weaknesses plus encouraged Adolf Hitler in order to invade the USSR within June 1941. 13
People who believe that the USSR conquered Nazi Germany are victims associated with Soviet propaganda. In actuality, the united states defeated the Axis Forces with its economic might. The particular USSR would have been unable to create weapons without steel, light weight aluminum, copper, and other key components from the US. 14 Moreover, the united states prevented a transport problems in the USSR by providing large sums of transportation equipment. 15
Historians debate whether the ALL OF US should have been allied along with the mass killer Joseph Stalin. But even defenders from the US-Soviet alliance must acknowledge that Franklin D. Roosevelt should have reduced Lend-Lease help to the USSR after Germany lost the Battle associated with Stalingrad in February 1943. Instead, Roosevelt continued giving the beast in 1944 and 1945, and the Soviet Union grew into the the majority of formidable power in Europe. 16
The Frosty War, NATO, and the Collapse of the USSR
The dysfunctional USSR barely survived 1941– 42. So how was it effective enough to spread socialism after 1945? Free battle materiel from the US. The particular Soviets rolled across Asia and europe on American transportation devices, spreading socialism along the way. 17 The particular Soviet weapons that overloaded Communist Europe and Asia were made out of US Lend-Lease materials. 18
With the onset of the Chilly War, the US needed a method to stop the Soviet monster Roosevelt had created with Lend-Lease. In 1949, the US spearheaded the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to stop the USSR from spreading socialism. 19 NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION has provoked the Russians since.
It is an economic law that socialism leads to chaos. 20 Roosevelt prolonged the life of the USSR and therefore condemned millions to agony. Nevertheless, it was impossible to maintain Soviet socialism alive forever. The Soviet Union’s unavoidable collapse began in the past due 1980s.
Ukraine was the key player within the collapse. Russians knew the Soviet Union would disintegrate if Ukraine left. Ukraine finally moved toward self-reliance in 1991, and the USSR dissolved. Intransigent socialists held responsible Ukraine for the collapse. Actually, the chaotic socialist program made the collapse inevitable.
The Ukrainian war of 2022 is an aftershock of Soviet socialism’s collapse. The partition of the Soviet Union’s socialized energy system between Russia plus Ukraine has caused serious tension for decades . Beyond that, the issue of Ukrainian membership in NATO has irritated Russia since 2008.
In 2021, Volodymyr Zelensky y and Joe Biden made great mistakes over NATO. In 2022, Vladimir Putin produced a great mistake by invading Ukraine. Then Biden produced a great mistake by sanctioning Russia. Now the US is effectively at war along with Russia, and the war is unlikely to end any time soon.
The Ukrainian war’s long roots stretch back to the pre-1914 protectionist era. Protectionism led to the First World War, the Second World War, the Cold War, the particular Korean War, the Vietnam War, countless wars in the Middle East, and the Ukrainian war. In effect, protectionism before 1914 caused a hundred years’ war. At least 150 million lives have been lost in this heartbreaking hundred years’ war.
The only way to prevent battle is to remove its cause. If the twentieth century can teach us anything, it is that will protectionism and socialism result in war. Eliminating government intervention in the economy is the key to stopping war. As Ludwig vonseiten Mises advises, “ there is but one system which makes for durable peace: a free market economy. ” 21